Pumping vs. Breastfeeding: Pros and Cons All Moms Should Know
Mother breastfeeding her baby

Breastfeeding or Pumping -- Which Method is Best?

Not sure if you’re ready to join the trenches of breastfeeding and wondering if exclusively pumping would be a good option? Is breastfeeding not working out as you had hoped, and you’re wondering if pumping will provide you and your baby with the same benefits?

Breast milk is considered the gold standard when it comes to feeding your baby, and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that baby is fed breast milk for at least that first year of life. But does pumping provide the same benefits as if you were to directly latch your baby to your breast?

In this post, we will go over the pros and cons of breastfeeding and pumping, and discuss whether they provide the same health benefits for you and your baby.


The Differences Between Breastfeeding and Pumping

Whether you’re directly breastfeeding, pumping and feeding expressed milk, or doing a mix of both, your baby is still getting the nutrients they need for proper growth and development.

Many women choose to pump so they can return to the workforce after maternity leave. Other women don’t have a choice. They may have to pump from the very beginning because their baby was born early and they can’t latch, or they were born with a tongue or lip tie and aren’t able to properly latch and transfer milk efficiently.

Likewise, there are some babies who just flat out refuse bottles, and so exclusively breastfeeding is your only option.

Breastfeeding and pumping both have their benefits and downsides, and ultimately you will have to decide which is best for you and your baby.

1. Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding offers a host of benefits, but there can be drawbacks as well.

Pros

  • Strengthens your bond with your baby: Many moms find breastfeeding to be more of a bonding experience with their baby than if they were to bottle feed. They have also found it to be more comforting for baby and they can quickly soothe them with just their breast.
  • Saves you money: You’ll probably invest in some nursing bras and tops, but overall, breastfeeding saves you so much money. A pump, pump parts, and bottles are just plain expensive.
  • No dishes: We already have enough dirty dishes to wash as parents, so why add more if we don’t have to? I absolutely despise dishes, so this was a big benefit of exclusively breastfeeding for me.
  • Nothing to pack: You can leave your house with just your boobs. It’ll be impossible to forget your baby’s food.
  • No waiting: If your baby is hungry, you can feed her right then and there. You and your baby never have to wait for a bottle to be warmed up, which is especially great for nighttime feedings.

Cons

  • Can be challenging: Sure, breastfeeding is natural, but that doesn’t mean it’s always easy peasy. It’s a learning experience for both mom and baby, and you may have to overcome a poor latch, sore nipples, and later on, biting. Getting hands-on help from an IBCLC (International Board Certified Lactation Consultant)in the early days will help get your breastfeeding relationship off to a better start (source).
  • Might be more difficult in public: Some women aren’t comfortable nursing in public, so they have to plan out their trips a little more carefully. You may have to nurse your baby in the car, use a nursing cover, or find a private room to feed in if breastfeeding in public makes you uneasy.
  • Less freedom: Some babies never take to a bottle, making it difficult for you to get away and have some time to yourself.
  • No help: If you exclusively breastfeed, you’ll be the one feeding your baby all the time. You’ll be the one up for those 2 am feedings every single night (source).

2. Pumping

Just like with breastfeeding, pumping has benefits and drawbacks too.

Pros

  • You can measure how much your baby is eating: Pumping can be comforting to some moms because they can see exactly how much is coming out and what’s going in.
  • Get others involved: When you pump, other people can feed your baby. Dads, grandparents, and siblings will enjoy bonding with your baby by giving them a bottle.
  • More “me” time: Since other people can feed your baby, you can get some more “me” time, which all mamas truly need. You won’t have to worry about your baby not eating while you’re at the gym, napping, or getting your hair done.
  • Less painful: If you exclusively pump,you won’t have to worry as much about sore nipples during those early weeks, and you also won’t ever have to deal with biting.
  • Accommodates emergencies: Having a freezer stash of breastmilk allows for your baby to eat in an emergency situation when you are unable to breastfeed, such as being hospitalized or having to take a temporary medication that’s not compatible with breastfeeding.

Cons

  • More expensive: You can’t just rely on your boobs when pumping. You, of course, have to buy a pump, but you also have to buy bottles, pump parts, breastmilk bags, a bottle brush, and soap.
  • Lots of washing: The washing and sanitizing is never ending with all the bottles and pump parts that go hand-in-hand with exclusively pumping.
  • Have to lug your pump around: It’s not just your pump you have to lug around though. You also have to pack a cooler, ice packs, extra milk, bottles, spare pump parts, and sanitizer. That’s a lot to remember.
  • Inconvenient: Unlike nursing, pumping is usually not something moms do out in the open. You might find yourself having to pump in a bathroom stall or in the car if you’re out and about.
  • Your body might stop responding to the pump: Sometimes women’s bodies stop responding to the pump after a while. Sometimes, even from the very beginning. If you start to notice your pumping output beginning to dip, try replacing your pump parts or give a manual pump a try instead of an electric pump (source).

Do They Have the Same Benefits?

Breast milk is certainly the most nutritious option, but is pumping your milk into bottles the equivalent of having your baby directly latch onto your bosom? Are you and your baby getting the same health benefits either way?

If you exclusively pump, you and your baby will still get most of the benefits of directly breastfeeding. Your uterus will still shrink down quicker after giving birth than if you were to formula feed, you’re still at lower risk for breast and ovarian cancer, and a bottle pumped the same day can still provide your baby with antibodies to the bacteria and viruses you were exposed to (source).

However, the constant freezing, thawing, and reheating routine can deplete some of the proteins and vitamins in your breast milk, so if you are exclusively pumping, it’s a good idea to try to feed your baby freshly pumped milk the majority of the time (source).

Pumps and bottles are also prone to picking up bacteria and mold which could cause some serious illnesses for your little one, so be sure all caregivers are practicing proper sanitation and storage.

Breastfeeding is better for supporting proper jaw, teeth, and speech development, whereas extended use of a bottle is known to cause tooth decay, misalignment, and speech delay. Bottle feeding also gives your baby less control over their milk flow and intake, which makes them more likely to be gassy and puts them at greater risk of overeating and obesity later in life.

Supply Concerns for Exclusive Pumping

No breast pump is going to be as efficient as babies are at emptying the breast, and some moms are not going to be able to produce enough milk with just pumping. But with that being said, there are many moms who have been successful with exclusively pumping.

In order to stimulate the supply and demand nature of nursing, you need to be pumping every time your baby takes a bottle.

You will know if you are meeting your baby’s needs if they are having at least 6 wet diapers a day, regular bowel movements, gaining weight, and seem happy and healthy overall.

Because breast milk is so easily digestible, it can be easy for caregivers to overfeed your baby and deplete your stash quickly, leaving you feeling like you’re not making enough for your baby. To avoid overfeeding, make sure your baby is being fed 1 to 1.5 oz. for every hour you’re away and make sure all caregivers are doing paced bottle feedings (source).


Your Baby, Your Choice

Breastfeeding and pumping each come with their own set of advantages and downfalls, but neither are easy and both can be rewarding. Ultimately, you have to choose what’s right for you and your baby.

You may choose to exclusively breastfeed or you may have to pump when you return to work. Your pump could even be a life-saver if your baby is born early and they can’t latch.

But no matter if you end up breastfeeding or pumping, you and your baby are still reaping many, many benefits of that golden milk you’re making.

Did you breastfeed or pump with your babies? What finalized your feeding decision? Were there any obstacles you had to overcome?

Share your experiences with us in the comments below and be sure to share this post with other moms-to-be.

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