What will breastfeeding be like?
This simple question is one many mothers face as they prepare to give birth, whether the child is their first or they’re adding to a growing family. As this question is asked, others begin to form.
One of the most common is about the length of each breastfeeding session. When you settle down to nurse, just how long can you expect it to take? Not that you won’t love the snuggle times with your child, but you may be nervous about getting all your other stuff done with the feeding duty falling on your shoulders, too.
We’ll answer that question and more, including how busy moms can make the most out of each breastfeeding session.
The Basics of Breastfeeding
At birth, your body is producing colostrum. Colostrum is a nutrient-rich substance to strengthen your baby and help them learn how to nurse (1). It will sustain your baby for the first several days until your milk supply comes in. When this happens, you’ll notice your breasts getting firmer and fuller and you’ll see and hear your baby swallowing more often.
When to Start Breastfeeding
If you’re able to, start breastfeeding within an hour of giving birth. Your baby is alert during this time but will become much sleepier within the first 24 hours. They’re more likely to latch on correctly and become accustomed to sucking if they start breastfeeding right away.
Sometimes, due to no fault of her own, a mom isn’t able to breastfeed right away. You or your baby may need medical help or be recovering from a difficult birth. While this can be frustrating, there is always time to start breastfeeding when you’re able to.
How Much Milk Do You Produce?
Several factors determine how much milk you produce, including your genetics and health. Most women find their milk production grows over time as they continue to breastfeed. At peak levels, moms generally produce up to 30 ounces of breast milk each day (2).
You’ll notice the amount of milk you produce will likely correlate with how much milk your baby needs, depending on their age.
Think of colostrum (your first milk) in terms of teaspoons, and then as your milk comes in you can start thinking in terms of ounces.
Editor's Note:Michelle Roth, BA, IBCLC
How Much Milk Do Babies Need?
At birth, babies have extremely small stomachs and generally take one to two ounces of milk per feeding. As their stomachs (and everything else) begin to grow, they’ll drink more and more.
Most babies will reach peak feeding capacity at five weeks, taking three to four ounces per feeding. After this point, your baby should maintain their intake level until they’re ready for solid foods.
If you’ve formula fed a baby before, that may seem low to you. Breastfed babies generally take less milk per feeding than formula-fed babies (3).
How Often Do Babies Feed?
Babies do best when they are fed on demand, setting their own schedules based on when they’re hungry. You’ll want to follow your child’s lead and look for cues they’re ready to nurse.
Every child is different, but there are some general guidelines to give you some idea of what to expect. Newborns generally nurse every one to three hours, which is about eight to 12 times a day. After your baby grows, they’ll generally feed every four hours until you start weaning (4), though some babies continue to feed more frequently.
Cluster feeding – wanting to nurse very frequently over a few hours – is normal. Most of the time, a baby will cluster feed before a long stretch of sleep, or when they wake up from a longer than normal nap.
Growth spurts will also cause baby to nurse more often for a couple of days, which will naturally boost your milk supply. These tend to happen around 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 9 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months.
How To Tell If Baby Is Hungry
- Smacking or the licking of lips.
- Positioning to nurse or reaching for your breast.
- Fidgeting or squirming.
- Sucking on body parts or objects.
If your baby is crying and hasn’t nursed for some time, it’s a good indicator they might be hungry. Crying is a late sign of hunger and can make latching very difficult. It’s always best to learn your baby’s early hunger cues and feed them sooner rather than later.
Length of a Breastfeeding Session
A single breastfeeding session can take between 20 and 45 minutes, especially during the newborn period (6). However, each baby is different and it’s important not to stop them from feeding too early.
Your baby has a great sense of how much milk they need. When your baby looks sleepy or relaxed and has stopped nursing for a few minutes, there’s a good chance they’re full.
Should I Nurse From a Single Breast?
Most babies will nurse from both breasts during a single breastfeeding session. When your baby has finished feeding from one breast by relaxing for a few minutes, switch them over to the other breast.
They make take it or they may not. As long as you have not stopped feeding from the first breast prematurely, it is alright if they do not.
Breastfeeding from both sides has benefits for you as well, preventing engorgement and helping to stimulate milk production (7). Babies who are having trouble gaining weight will benefit from being sure they are fed from both breasts at every feeding.
Should I Wake My Baby to Breastfeed?
The littlest babies love to sleep! However, is it wise to wake them up when they haven’t nursed for hours?
The answer is yes, if your baby is four weeks old or younger (8). As much as you might be excited for them to sleep, wake them up every two to three hours to nurse. After they pass the four-week mark, let them sleep if they’re growing normally and meeting milestones.
How to Comfortably Breastfeed
Breastfeeding isn’t always easy, especially when you’re starting off and need to nurse often. When you’re settling down for a 45-minute breastfeeding session multiple times a day, you may find yourself growing bored and uncomfortable.
Here are some easy tips on how to breastfeed comfortably.
1. A Proper Latch
A good latch is not only essential for your baby to get the nourishment they need, but to prevent pain and discomfort for you. When your baby has latched on correctly, they’ll have most or all of your areola and nipple in their mouth (9).
With a proper latch, you shouldn’t experience any pain and you’ll hear good swallowing sounds without any clicking.
2. A Good Position
There are different positions to hold your baby in while you nurse. Try out various positions to find one that works for you and your baby. Certain positions may be good for different times of the day.
Essentials for a good position are having baby’s body fully turned toward mom (with baby’s ear, shoulder and hip aligned), no space between mom’s body and baby’s body, and being sure both mom and baby are well supported.
3. A Comfortable Chair
A rocker or chair is essential for any nursery. It’s likely to be the place you nurse the most, so you’ll want something sturdy and comfortable.
We suggest looking for a chair with plush materials, a lot of space to move about, a place to put your feet up, and the ability to swivel about. This allows you access to what you need while providing ultimate comfort.
Whether your breastfeeding session is long or short, you should be able to relax. Not only is this important for you to have a positive experience, but stress can negatively impact your milk production (10).
Try to create a calm and peaceful atmosphere in those places you breastfeed most often. Moms need all the rest they can get. Use the time you breastfeed to bond with your little one and escape the rest of the world.
5. A Cover-Up
If you’re dying to get out of the house, don’t let breastfeeding stop you from having grand adventures. Thanks to many marvelous inventions, you can go about your daily life and breastfeed wherever you go.
Nursing bras, fabric covers, and even entire dresses and outfits have been designed specifically with breastfeeding moms in mind. But even without these tools, you can easily dress in two-piece outfits and nurse your baby wherever you happen to be.
Your Breastfeeding Experience
Breastfeeding sessions really depend on your baby, from how much they need to drink to how long it will take for them to become full. With a little bit of patience and persistence, you’ll be able to create a natural rhythm with your little one.
Think about your own eating habits – are all of your meals evenly spaced around the clock and take the same amount of time? It’s likely that your baby will feed at uneven intervals for varying amounts of time. Learning to judge when and how long is all part of parenting your new little bundle.
Editor's Note:Michelle Roth, BA, IBCLC
How long did your breastfeeding sessions last? Every mom and child have a different experience and sharing them can help answer questions and provide peace of mind.
Did you find this article useful? Consider sharing it with a mom-to-be. We hope this information has helped answer some of your questions about breastfeeding.