Contact with electricity is dangerous for any baby. So, how do you babyproof electrical outlets and cords to ensure your children stay safe as they grow?
Babyproofing can be overwhelming, especially for first-time parents. Electrical outlets and cords are some of the most critical parts to babyproof, but it is often easy to miss something. After all, so many of our everyday essentials need to be frequently plugged in!
To help stressed mamas feel more confident, we have gathered everything you need to know about babyproofing all things electrical in your home.
In this guide, we will cover everything from what type of electrical plug covers are available to practical advice on teaching your children to use electronics properly.
How To Babyproof Electrical Outlets
It is important to understand the very real dangers posed by electrical outlets.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reported more than 24,000 children over a ten year period were admitted to the emergency room due to an incident with an electrical receptacle (1). This is approximately seven children every day, with 89% under the age of six.
How do you effectively babyproof electrical outlets to avoid these scary statistics? First, you need to understand what sort of outlets you have in your home and then get the correct guards to make them inaccessible to little hands.
Types of Electrical Outlets
There are currently fifteen different types of electrical outlets around the world assigned by the U.S. Department of Commerce International Trade Administration (2). In the United States, we use “A” and “B” electrical outlets.
You may know these outlets better by the number of prongs they receive from a plug. The “A” outlet is two-pronged while the “B” outlet has three. It becomes tricky when you start to look at the many options available in these two subsets.
We are going to focus on the two most popular “B” outlet types, which are also the most common in homes today.
1. GFCI Outlets
Ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlets dramatically reduce the risk of electric shock by registering the flow of power between the appliance you plug in, such as a hairdryer, and anything that may interrupt it.
These interruptions mostly result from the appliance coming into contact with water or overheating.
You can tell if you have GFCI outlets by looking for “reset” and “test” buttons on the outlet. These buttons are designed to help you test the ability of the outlet to stop the current from flowing and providing power.
2. AFCI Outlets
Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI) outlets are similar in purpose to GFCI outlets. They are designed to prevent danger to you and your family mainly by preventing arcs in your electricity.
An arc fault occurs when damaged wires do not connect properly and cause sparking. This can be extremely dangerous because the sparks from an arc fault can easily catch insulation or framing on fire.
The Problem With Outlets
Both A and B plugs have a very short space between the conductors and the plastic outlet covering them. So, no matter what type of outlet you have in your home, you should consider all outlets dangerous.
Types Of Electrical Outlet Covers
The easiest way to protect your children from the dangers posed by electrical outlets is to use a guard. The type of guard you use will depend on your electrical outlet. Here’s what you should know about three of the most commonly used electrical outlet covers.
1. Plastic Outlet Covers
You have likely seen outlet covers before. Generally made of durable plastic, they have prongs which fit inside the outlet, preventing direct contact from objects or fingers. The covers are also not easily pulled out by small hands.
Plastic electrical outlet covers come to fit any style of outlet you may have in your home. Multiple designs are available with varying levels of security to fit your specific needs.
- Pros: Plastic outlet covers come in bulk and are fairly inexpensive, especially if you need to babyproof your entire home. They are also easily removed by adults when an outlet is needed.
- Cons: Children can learn to pull out plastic outlet covers fairly quickly as they get older. If a child pulls out a cover half-way, the current will be live and can shock them. The covers can also become choking hazards.
2. Outlet Boxes
Many people use outlet boxes to protect outdoor electrical outlets. However, they can also be useful for babyproofing.
An outlet box completely covers the outlet and even has room for the plugs of appliances. Look for an outlet box with a two-button release system. This will make it extremely hard for your child to open.
- Pros: Outlet boxes are great for heavier appliances you plug in permanently, such as washers and dryers, televisions, and refrigerators. When an outlet and cord are exposed on these large appliances, parents often unplug them and use an outlet cover. However, this means you have to plug in the large appliance each time you want to use it. An outlet box saves you from having to worry about this problem by permanently blocking a cord you have no reason to unplug.
- Cons: Because outlet boxes are often designed to keep the weather, rather than children out, it might be tough to find a box for babyproofing. You do not want to buy one that can simply be lifted or popped off. Outlet boxes are also bigger, so if you are short on space, it may not fit.
3. Self-Closing Outlet Covers
Self-closing outlet covers, also known as sliding covers, were created to replace your entire existing outlet cover. Simply remove the screw holding the existing cover over the outlet and replace it with a self-closing one.
When a plug is removed, the cover will automatically slide over the plug holes, preventing anything from being inserted. Most self-closing outlets have a slide function; to plug something in, simply slide the cover over to expose the plug holes.
- Pros: Self-closing outlets are considered one of the most effective types of covers for protecting your children. There are no pieces to break off and they cannot be removed since they act as the entire outlet cover.
- Cons: It does take a bit of elbow grease to go through your home and replace all of the previously installed outlet covers. If you are short on time or are uncomfortable using screwdrivers, self-closing covers may be a more complicated option.
How To Babyproof Electrical Cords
Electrical outlet covers are great for those you do not use often. However, there is a good chance most of your outlets are consistently being used.
Just think of all of your chargers, lamps, video games, and entertainment systems. Then there are hairdryers, curling irons, toasters, blenders, vacuum cleaners, and more. Many of these also have long cords!
Long cords are dangerous because kids can:
- Pull out the cord and gain access to the outlet.
- Wrap the cord around their necks and choke.
- Chew on the cord and get shocked.
- Play with damaged, fraying cords.
- Suffer electrical burns.
- Trip over long cords.
What’s a modern family to do? Luckily, babyproofing your electrical cords is easier than you think. Follow these five simple steps:
1. Evaluate Exposed Outlets
The easiest way to keep cords away from little hands is to block them off with furniture. Go through your home and see which outlets are exposed. If possible, strategically place furniture in front of them as a barrier.
2. Get a Cord Shortener or Cover
If you are unable to place a barrier in front of electrical outlets, get a cord shortener, cord cover or both.
A cord shortener allows you to store the excess of a long cord inside a receptacle your child can’t access. This prevents tugging and pulling on the cord.
A cord cover often comes combined with an outlet cover. It keeps the plug and part of the cord hidden away so it cannot be pulled out of the outlet.
3. Strap Cords Down
In some cases, you may have long cords running along a wall or across a room. Use tape to adhere them to the floor or cover them up with carpets.
You can also use duct cord covers. Duct cord covers allow you to string multiple cords through a silicone or plastic cover that stays on the floor.
This prevents children from tripping on cords or pulling on multiple long cords and damaging items.
4. Wrap Cords
In areas of your home where you have multiple cords, such as near a computer or media center, wrap the cords together. Not only will it help keep things organized, but children will be less likely to play with them.
There are multiple devices to help you wrap cords together. We suggest using a cord sleeve. Cord sleeves are much harder to remove and do not pose a potential choking hazard if removed.
5. Cord Protectors
Cord protectors keep cords safe from your children. If your child tries to bend, bite, or otherwise spoil the cord, the cord protector will prevent damage to the cord. This also protects your baby from damaged cords.
Cord protectors are a good option if you have unruly children and want to avoid replacing damaged cords on a regular basis.
How To Babyproof Power Strips
Power strips can expose kids to an excessive amount of electricity in one place. Prevent your power strip from becoming a dangerous toy by purchasing a power strip cover.
Power strip covers are generally made of plastic and have a long slit on one side. The slit allows the cords to come through while covering the outlets and power button.
In place of a power strip cover, you can also use plastic electric outlet covers for individual outlets on the power strip.
Teach Your Children To Use Electricity Safely
As your children get older, teaching them to use electricity safely is an effective way to prevent injuries and emergencies.
Here are five things you can do and five things your child can do to support electrical safety in the home.
- Avoid plugging things in and out when little children are watching.
- Avoid putting fun and colorful objects near electrical outlets.
- Set rules on who can turn on lamps and electronics.
- Avoid leaving appliances (such as hair dryers) plugged in when not in use.
- Provide children with supervised opportunities to use electric appliances.
- Watch videos about electrical safety.
- Learn warning signs, such as sparking objects or frayed cords.
- Obey rules set by parents.
- Ask parents for help when needing to plug things in.
- Keep electronics away from water.